White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

Ah, the Alba White Truffle smell! Back when I first moved I did a post on the 83rd Annual Alba International White Truffle Fair. In writing the post I realized that I haven’t a clue how to describe the white truffle smell. Luckily every Saturday and Sunday during the month-long fair there is a Truffle Sensory Workshop to teach such things. Perfetto. Field trip time.

The Truffle Sensory Analysis Workshop

Presented by the International Truffle Tasters Association (OIAT) Schedule: Saturdays & Sundays  Reservations Required: info@tuber.it or +39 0173 22 81 90

The hourlong session started with an intro to the tuber as well as a look at the white truffle smell. It was led by one of organization’s experts. He told us during the season he sniffs and tastes 1,500 truffles every Saturday and Sunday. Can you imagine? The course objective was for the student to recognize a good truffle from a bad one. Easy enough (ha).

Monday Munchies: White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

Truffle Evaluation: Sight, Touch, and Smell. 

  • Touch: Touch gently. A good truffle will be not too hard, not too soft. Yes, yes – just right.
  • Sight: Clean, pleasant to the eyes, and sphere-shaped.
  • Smell: We were provided with a list of truffle scents – they should pretty much all scale about in the middle. Scents to look for include: mushroom, honey, hay, garlic, spices, wet ground, and ammonia.

Monday Munchies: White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

Who says money doesn’t grow on trees?

Tree roots link to the truffle, but not all trees produce this magical fungus. Host trees: Common Oak, Turkey Oak, Durmast Oak, Pubescent Oak, White Poplar, Willow, Linden, Hop Hornbeam, Hazelnut.

Soil’s producing truffles are damp, chalky clay that lack organic substances like nitrogen and phosphorus, but are potassium rich.

Cool, damp environments create the truffle at 10 to 15 cm underground with an average temp is 6º C / 43º F. There was a whole scientific explanation on what happens with all this, but I glaze over with words like “mycorrhyza” and “mycelium”. So, read more here for those deets. The white truffle demands these prime conditions, or NO TRUFFLE FOR YOU! All of the above have to be just right. 

Monday Munchies: White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

True Story: Truffle Dogs are trained in Alba at Università dei Cani da Tartufo. Yep, the Truffle Dog University

Some places use pig for their catch, but not in Alba; they are just too hard to train. The beloved truffle dog feels the smell from the ground. Soil temperatures release a scent that only dogs pick up.

What’s that smell?

The interactive portion of the show included an opportunity to play with five truffles. Armed with our very own official evaluation sheet we were to touch and sniff (pretty sure scratching would have gotten me kicked out of Italy, but don’t think I didn’t consider it), and select the best truffle of the bunch.

Having the score sheet there to guide the eval was pretty cool. I never thought about scents of hay, honey, or wet ground as a white truffle smell. We were instructed to sniff quickly and in short intervals to not “stress the nose.”

The smells were pungent, some just plain icky, and lots of garlic. Odors on a dud are ammonia, methane, and fermentation. We measured each tartufo on a scale of 1 to 9, then we made our bold assertions about the best and worst.

Not a one of us picked the “right” white truffle, but we all did manage to identify the black truffle and the correct one was in everyone’s top two.

White Truffle Preservation: That Ain’t Happenin‘ 

Early in the season (September and October) eat your white truffle within 4 or 5 days. The best truffles are found in November in cold, icier conditions. These can be enjoyed for up to 15 days. 

Hands up – truffle police!

Experts from the OIAT are on hand at the Alba White Truffle Fair. Make a purchase, then take it over for evaluation. Now, this might seem a bit backwards – buy, then let the experts weigh in, but if you got a lemon the Truffle Police will accompany you back to the seller and explain the issues they have found, then get you a new truffle or a refund. Pretty cool.

Monday Munchies: White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

Truffle Storage:

Store your white truffle between 3º and 6º C / 37.4º and 42.8º F wrapped in a damp cloth and tucked into a glass container. 

Let’s Eat!

It was a fun workshop that got us hungry. We stopped off at an osteria on the way home for fried eggs with white truffles. The server brought a white truffle, the shaving board, and a scale. They weighed the tuber, wrote down the number, then shaved till I said, “basta” (enough). After Il Ragazzo had his turn there was another weigh-in. We were charged by the gram.

Monday Munchies: White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

October 2013 Market Price: 250 euros per 100 grams.

In 2012 white truffle prices were about 480 euros per 100 grams in early October, peaking at 530 euros the first week of November; weather conditions were better with a warm, arid, and dry summer. Right now white truffles are not as mature, but will get better as it gets colder. 

White Truffle Taste & Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair

The Alba White Truffle Fair runs Saturdays and Sundays. Cost is 2 euros to enter and festivities include the Sensory Workshop, Cookery Courses, Wine Pairings, weekly wine tastings around Alba, and a ton more. Most regional ristorantes and osterias feature full white truffle menus. Get shavings on everything from your antipasti to dolce. Come and see us in Alba! If you’re planning to buy a white truffle or two this year, give me a shout below or on Twitter @valeriekq

More from Valerie Quintanilla
The Wines and Grapes of Mount Etna
Where to begin with the wines and grapes of Mount Etna? How...
Read More
13 replies on “White Truffle Smell 101 at the Alba White Truffle Fair”
  1. says: Jeff Burrows

    Thanks for sharing your report from the fair. We had our Piemonte wine dinner in Minnesota last weekend and I had a black (summer) truffle fedex’d with some help from a local Italian restaurant. It was nice, but much less aromatic than the ones our truffle dog dug up in La Morra in September! I can only imagine what the white ones are like. Maybe next year we’ll join you for the 2014 Alba Truffle Fair!

  2. says: Aaron Mrezar

    Hey. Going to Piedmont on the last weekend of the Alba Festival. I was wondering if you have any tips for buying some truffles either at the festival or somewhere else off the beaten track. As for me I’m from Canada but living in Munich right now. I work in a small wine shop as a Somelier and can’t wait for some large amounts of white truffle, having only once previously eaten them!



    1. Hi Aaron! Thanks for reading! I’m at a conference and will get back to you with some thoughts later this week. But, I’d def suggest going to the truffle sensory workshop and then to the fair. It’s a great teacher!

      Ciao ciao!

  3. says: Maureen Connolly

    I don’t know how I stumbled onto your blog but I’m a fan now! I have been in Alba for the truffle festival and to visit friends 4 times. One of Alba’s sister cities is Medford, Oregon. I’m the administrator of the Medford Alba Sister City facebook page. May I share some of your posts and photos on our page? This is a great tutorial for anyone new to the Piemonte white truffle.

    1. Ciao, Maureen –

      Thanks for reading! Yes, please use whatever you’d like. I can email some pics if you want – I’m in Spain for a conference so am a little crazy right now, but could do on Wednesday.

      BTW – I grew up in Portland!

      Ciao ciao!

  4. says: Cassie

    Hi there
    So – do you think the sensory analysis class is worth it? We’re most interested in eating/drinking through the Alba Festival, but looking for somethign fun to do on the Sunday and this course was open…

Comments are closed.